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Factories Act 1948

Written by: Parikshit Huse


What is a factory act? Development of factory act? Passed the Factories Act of 1948 to protect the health of factory workers by providing details on employment, working conditions, conditions for youth, the working environment, at least two workers, and other health needs in certain sectors. The laws of the factory include the health and wealth of the workers. The Factories Act set guidelines for strike notification periods and provided owners with a lockout notification period. When factory workers are exploited and employed, they get lower wages, they do not think about their health, and they do not think about the environment. The main purpose of Factory Law No. is to protect factory workers from industrial and occupational hazards. The law requires employers to exercise the utmost care for the health of their employees and the protection of the environment. This law covers security, health, working hours, benefits, penalties, etc. for workers. extends to the whole of India and applies to all factories with at least 20 workers without electricity and 10 with electricity. In the last 12 months, 10 or more members have been employed or employed on a daily basis with electronic services to carry out the production processes. The law requires employers to exercise the utmost care for the health of their employees and the protection of the environment. This law covers security, health, working hours, benefits, penalties, etc. for workers. covers the whole of India and establishments employing at least 20 non-electrical workers and 10 electrical workers. Ten or more members were employed on any given day in the last 12 months and completed the production process with electronic assistance. Those excluded from this law are: a. Mines within the scope of the Mines and Minerals Law No. b. Armed Forces Mobile Units

c. Catering facilities d. Hotels and restaurants 2. History of factories act 1. Factory work laws were passed in 1881 and were called the Indian Factories Act of 1881.Armed Forces Mobile Units c. Catering facilities d. Hotels and restaurants 2. Factory History Act, 1948. Factory work laws were passed in 1881 and were called the Indian Factories Act of 1881.This. Rules have a limited purpose. It banned children under the age of seven from working and mandated a nine-hour workday, four days off per month, rest periods, and fencing of necessary machinery. According to the law, workplaces employing 50 workers are required to register. Other features of the law are a. on weekends. After 4 hours there should be b. difference. 7 hours a day for children between 9 and 14 hours c. Prohibition of working between 20.00 and 8:00 for women. on weekends, After 4 hours there should be a difference. 7 hours a day for children aged 9 to 14 hours. Restriction of women's work between 8:00 pm and 8:00 am. Dental Law Mills is an extension of all India and started in 1881. determined the penalty for factory violations. The law was amended in 1891, 1911, 1922, 1934, 1948, 1976, and 1987. Revised in 1948. The Factories Law of 1948 is more comprehensive than the previous Law. and focuses on health, safety, welfare, working hours, minimum day age of workers in factories working, and leave. 3. The evolution of factories Machining was first used in the UK The textile industry quickly spread to the United States and other countries. The first factory established in the United States dates back to 1790 when Slater came here from England and set up a factory to produce yarn. M E. Dental Law Mills is an extension of all India and started in 1881 at. determined the penalty for factory violations. The law was amended in 1891, 1911, 1922, 1934, 1948, 1976, and 1987. The idea of change was put forward by Eli Whitney at the end of the 18th century. This concept was first used in the firearms industry to enable firearms to be manufactured to specific specifications. Any part can be changed by using the parts of other guns of the same design, which shortens the production time. The introduction of interchangeable parts laid the groundwork for mass production. 4. Factories Act 1948 Factories The word 'factories' is expanded. Revised in 1948. The Factories Act of 1948 is more than the previous Law and includes health, safety, welfare, working hours, minimum worker age in factories work and permits. Development of factories Machining was first used in England Textile industry rapidly America it has spread to the United States and other countries. The first factory established in the United States dates back to 1790 when Slater came here from England and set up a factory to produce yarn. In the second half of the 19th century, large factories emerged in India and at the same time, the search for workers increased. The issue of labour laws was first brought up by the Bombay Cotton Department Inspector General in his 1872 report. The law has been changed several times since then. The Factory Act of 1934 was passed, superseding all previous factory


laws. This bill was created on the advice and guidance of the Royal Labour Commission. The idea of change was put forward by Eli Whitney at the end of the 18th century. This concept was first used in the firearms industry to enable firearms to be manufactured to specific specifications. Any part can be changed by using the parts of other guns of the same design, which shortens the production time. The introduction of interchangeable parts laid the groundwork for mass production. Factories The word 'factories' is expanded. In the second half of the 19th century, large factories emerged in India and at the same time, the search for workers increased. The issue of labour laws was first brought up by the Bombay Cotton Department Inspector General in his 1872 report. The law has been changed several times since then. The Factory Act of 1934 was passed, superseding all previous factory laws. This bill was created on the advice and guidance of the Royal Labour Commission. The law has also been amended several times. Experience with the implementation of the Factories Act of 1934 has highlighted some of the shortcomings and weaknesses that hinder the Act's effectiveness, and a complete revision of the Act is needed to increase the protection of the Act for many small business areas. The law has also been amended several times. Experience with the implementation of the Factories Act of 1934 has revealed some shortcomings and weaknesses that hinder the effective implementation of the Act, and for many small businesses a full reform of this Act needs to be pursued 5. Purpose of the Factories Act, 1948 The main purpose of the Indian Factories Act of 1948 is to regulate working conditions in factories, regulate health, safety, and annual rest, and provide benefits to youth, women, and work. in doll factories. 1. Working Hours: Senior workers cannot work or be employed in the factory for more than 48 hours per week within the framework of working hours rules for the elderly. Every week should be a weekend. 2. Health: The law stipulates that every factory should be clean and every precaution should be taken in order to protect the health of workers. Proper water supply, lighting, ventilation, temperature, etc. in factories. There should be sufficient water supply. Adequate toilets and urinals should be provided where appropriate. These should be within easy reach of employees and should be kept clean. 3. Safety: The law says machines must be fenced to ensure workers' safety and children are not allowed to work in dangerous machinery. In closed areas, there should be manholes of sufficient size for workers to work. operate in an emergency. 4. Welfare: For the welfare of workers, this Law ensures that each factory has and maintains adequate and suitable washing facilities for workers' use. There should be places for washing and drying, sitting places, first aid kits, shelters, resting and dining halls, and child care places.



5. Penalty:-

Violation of the provisions of the Factories Act 1948 or any provision made under the Act or any order given under the Act is considered a crime. The following penalties are imposed: -


(a) Imprisonment, which can be up to one year; (b) Fine up to Rs 1 lakh; or


(c) fine and imprisonment. If an employee uses an incorrect device that affects or interferes with the health, safety, and well-being of employees, he or she is fined Rs 300,000. 500/-

6. Conclusion

In India, the Factories Act of 1948 was implemented with the necessary amendments. Made some changes to follow. All production workers are covered by the Law, but young and female workers are well protected. The law governs certain areas in the factory and anyone who violates the law or order will be subject to special penalties. Inspectors appointed by the state and central government will inspect the factories.


Benefiting factories, their workers, employers, and owners, the Factories Act has been in effect for 37 years. Thanks to the law, his work and work are gradually developing. The bill specifies working hours, working hours, paid time off, overtime pay, age limits, and more. It also explains how the factory protects the environment, human health, and safety. Regarding worker and manager responsibilities under the Factories Act 1948, the government is working to amend the Act and take effective action.


Employers and managers play an important role in ensuring the health, well-being, and safety of employees. They act as business managers. Employees and their other representatives must understand the provisions of the Law to protect themselves from their rights and to make illegal employers aware of their legal duties.



7. Reference Books



1. Mohan Singh & Ors vs The Chairman Railway Board & Ors on 3 August 2015


2. R.R.Parekh vs High Court Of Gujarat & Anr on 12 July 2016


3. J.K. Industries Limited Etc.Etc vs The Chief Inspector of Factories ... on 25 September 1996


4. Uttaranchal Forest Development ... vs Jabar Singh And Ors on 12 December 2006


5. M/S. Bhikuse Yamasa Kshatriya (P) ... vs Union of India, And Another on 8 February, 1963

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